طراحی مدل تاب آوری در زنجیره تامین ایران خودرو با رویکرد مدل معادلات ساختاری و تکنیک های کیفی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دوره دکتری رشته مدیریت (تولید و عملیات)، دانشکده علوم اقتصادی و اداری، دانشگاه مازندران، بابلسر، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه مدیریت صنعتی، دانشکده علوم اقتصادی و اداری، دانشگاه مازندران، بابلسر، ایران

3 استاد گروه مدیریت بازرگانی، دانشکده علوم اقتصادی و اداری، دانشگاه مازندران، بابلسر، ایران

چکیده

تحقیق حاضر به مطالعه و بررسی زنجیره تامین تاب آور شرکت ایران خودرو می پردازد. هدف این تحقیق تعیین استراتژی هایی است که بتواند از وقوع توقفات در خطوط تولید ایران خودرو جلوگیری کرده و یا در صورت توقف، با کمترین زمان ممکن به حالت قبل از شکست یا مطلوب تر از آن بازیابی شود. بعلاوه این تحقیق درصدد است تا مدل جامعی از تاب آوری در زنجیره تامین ایران خودرو معرفی نماید. در این تحقیق کلیه حالات شکست که پتانسیل توقف خطوط تولید ایران خودرو را دارد (12 حالت شکست) از طریق ادبیات تحقیق و نظرات خبرگان شناسایی شده است. جامعه آماری این تحقیق مدیران و کارشناسان واحدهای لجستیک، برنامه ریزی و بازرگانی شرکت ساپکو می باشد. در این تحقیق از تکنیک FMEA برای تعیین استراتژی های تاب آوری در زنجیره تامین قبل از بروز شکست و تکنیک جدید FAAO برای تعیین استراتژی های تاب آوری زنجیره تامین بعد از وقوع شکست استفاده شده است. همچنین با رویکرد مدل معادلات ساختاری و نرم افزار آموس مدل تاب آوری مورد تایید قرار گرفت. خبرگان از طریق تکنیک FMEA چهار حالت شکست که دارای بیشترین نمره اولویت ریسک (RPN) بوده اند را انتخاب و تعداد 21 استراتژی برای تاب آور ساختن زنجیره تامین ایران خودرو برای مقابله با این حالات شکست معرفی کردند. بعلاوه از طریق تکنیک FAAO نیز تعداد 6 استراتژی جهت تاب آور ساختن زنجیره تامین نسبت به شکست تعیین شد

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Design of Resilient Supply Chains Model in Iran Khodro with Structural Equation Modeling and Qualitative Techniques

نویسندگان [English]

  • Kazem Ravansetan 1
  • Hasanali Aghajani 2
  • Abdolhamid Safaei Ghadikolaei 2
  • Mahmood Yahyazaheh far 3
1 Ph.D. Student, Economics and Administrative Sciences Faculty, university of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran
2 Associate Prof., Economics and Administrative Sciences Faculty, university of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran
3 Prof., Economics and Administrative Sciences Faculty, university of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran
چکیده [English]

This research deals with the resilient supply chain of Iran Khodro Company. The aim of this study is determining strategies going to be able to prevent the occurrence of stops in the production line of Iran Khodro, or in case of stop, how production lines are restored in the minimum time to the state of pre-disruption or the most favorable condition. This study intends to introduce a comprehensive model of resilience in the Iran Khodro supply chain. In this study, all failure modes that have the potential to stop Iran Khodro production lines (12 failure modes) have been identified through the research literature and expert opinions. The population of this research includes managers and experts of logistics and planning departments of Sapco Company. In this research, FMEA technique has been used to determine resilience strategies in the supply chain before the occurrence of failures and also a new technique which named failure analysis after occurrence (FAAO) is used to determine resilience strategies in the supply chain after the occurrence of a failure. Also, the resilience model is approved by structural equation modeling and Amos software. 4 failure modes that have the highest risk priority number (RPN) have been selected by experts using FMEA technique and 21 strategies have been introduced in order to make resilient the supply chain of Iran Khodro to deal with these failure modes. Moreover, 6 strategies have been determined using FAAO technique in order to make resilient the supply chain toward failure.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Disruption
  • Iran khodro
  • resilience
  • strategy
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