بررسی رابطه تعهد سازمانی با هوش هیجانی با رویکرد تفکر استراتژیک

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکزی، گروه مدیریت، تهران

2 استادیار مؤسسه عالی آموزش و پژوهش مدیریت و برنامه‌ریزی، گروه مدیریت، تهران

3 کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت اجرایی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکزی، تهران

4 گروه مدیریت اجرایی، البرز، قزوین

چکیده

امروزه تفکراستراتژیک به عنوان یک عنصر بسیار مهم و ارزشمند در مدیریت‌های کلان درسازمانها و سیستم‌های کسب‌وکار مطرح می‌باشد. از دیدگاه کلی، تفکر استراتژیک یک بصیرت و فهم از وضعیت موجود و بهره‌برداری از فرصت‌ها است. مدیرانی که مجهز به قابلیت تفکر استراتژیک هستند قادرند سایر کارکنان را به یافتن راهکارهای خلاقانه برای موفقیت سازمان ترغیب کنند. از طرفی تعهد‌ سازمانی یک نگرش مهم شغلی و سازمانی است که بر بهره مندی از حداکثر توانایی کارکنان و در نتیجه موفقیت سازمان تأثیرگذار می‌باشد. مرور ادبیات موضوعی در این زمینه نشان می دهد که در تحقیقات گوناگون، بیشتر بر جنبه های شناختی عملکرد کارکنان تأکید شده و متأسفانه تأثیر ابعاد هیجانی در تحقیقات رفتار سازمانی به طور وسیعی نادیده گرفته شده است؛ به طوری‌که توجه به متغیرهای هیجانی می‌تواند اختلاف نتایج اولیه در موضوعات رفتاری را تشریح کند. از این رو، مطالعه  حاضر، که یک تحقیق توصیفی-‌ پیمایشی و کاربردی است، کوشیده است از طریق آزمون معادلات ساختاری، میزان تأثیر هوش‌هیجانی را که شامل خودآگاهی، خودمدیریتی، آگاهی‌اجتماعی و مدیریت‌روابط است بر تعهد ‌سازمانی که شامل تعهد عاطفی، تعهد هنجاری و تعهد مستمر می‌باشد، سنجیده و سپس با بررسی نقش تعدیلگری متغیر تفکر استراتژیک بر این رابطه، بر شواهد تجربی موجود بیافزاید. داده‌های مورد نیاز جهت سنجش مدل پژوهش با بکارگیری پرسشنامه استاندارد و از طریق جامعه آماری که شامل کارکنان سطوح مختلف یک سازمان می‌باشد، گردآوری شد. جهت تحلیل فرضیات پژوهش از روش مدل‌یابی معادلات ساختاری و همبستگی پیرسون و رگرسیون سلسله مراتبی بهره گرفته شد. نتایج بدست‌آمده از پژوهش حاضر، نشان‌دهنده نقش تعدیلگری تفکر استراتژیک بر ارتباط میان متغیرهای هوش‌ هیجانی و تعهد سازمانی می‌باشد. همچنین شاخص‌های برازندگی بدست‌آمده برای مدل مفهومی پژوهش، از اعتبار بالای مدل در تبیین روابط میان متغیرها و مؤلفه‌های کلیدی حکایت می‌کند.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship between Organizational Commitment and emotional Intelligence with Strategic Thinking Approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahmud Mohammadi 1
  • Mehdi Mortezavi 2
  • Hossien Assadi 3
  • Elham Vahedi 4
1 Assistant Professor, Azad Islamic University, Central Tehran Branch, Management Department, Tehran
2 Assistant Professor, High Institute of Education and Research in Management and Planning, Tehran
3 MA in Executive Management, Azad Islamic University, Central Tehran Branch, Management Department, Tehran
4 Executive Management Department, Alborz, Ghazvin
چکیده [English]

Nowadays, strategic thinking is recognized as a leading and valuable element in management science at organization and business systems. From a general point of view, strategic thinking is an insight and understanding from status quo and to taking advantage from opportunities. That class of managers that equip to strategic thinking capabilities are able to encourage others personnel to find the creative solution for the success of their organization. Organizational commitment is an important job and organizational attitude that affect in achieve to maximum capabilities of personnel and therefore organizational success. A review in the literature of this subject shows that in various researchers, more emphasis is on cognitive aspects of personal performance, and unfortunately, the effect of emotional aspects is ignored widely in organizational behavior researchers; so focus on emotional variables can explain initial result differences in the behavioral subject. This study is survey- explanatory and applied in nature. It attempts through the test, to appraise the level of emotional intelligence effect from Coleman (2001) opinion that includes self- awareness, self-management, social awareness and relational environment, on the organizational commitment from Allen and Miller (1991) opinion that include emotional commitment, norms commitment and continues commitment. Then with the study of adjustment role of strategic thinking variable on this relationship, accumulate in current empirical evidence. Necessary data for measuring research model is collected with a usage of a standard questioner and through the statistical population that includes staff from various levels of an organization. For analysis of research hypothesis, we used structural equations modeling and Pearson correlation and hierarchical regression. Also, fitness indexes obtained for research conceptual model, show that the model has a high credibility for explaining the relationship between key variables and components.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Strategic Thinking
  • Organizational Commitment
  • Emotional intelligent
  • Modeling
  • Structural Equations

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