ارائه مدل انگیزشی اشتراک دانش کارکنان در شرکت های تولیدی با استفاده از مدلسازی معادلات ساختاری (SEM)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکترای مهندسی صنایع، دانشیار و عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه صنعتی مالک اشتر

2 دکترای مدیریت، استادیار و عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکزی

3 کارشناس مهندسی صنایع، کارشناس ارشد مدیریت صنعتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکزی

چکیده

اشتراک دانش کارکنان به عنوان یکی از فعالیت های کلیدی مدیریت دانش معرفی گردیده است.بنابراین پیاده سازی موفق مدیریت دانش مستلزم توجه جدی به این فعالیت می باشد.شناسایی عوامل مؤثر بر رفتار اشتراک دانش کارکنان و تلاش جهت تأمین آن عوامل، رفتار اشتراک دانش کارکنان را تسهیل می نماید.در تحقیقات مختلف عواملی چون فرهنگ، ساختار سازمانی، انگیزه و تکنولوژی به عنوان عوامل مؤثر بر اشتراک دانش معرفی شده اند.با توجه به نقش انگیزه ها به عنوان یک عامل بسیار مهم در رفتار اشتراک دانش کارکنان و عدم وجود مدل جامع انگیزشی در این خصوص، هدف این تحقیق تدوین مدلی است که میزان تأثیر عوامل انگیزشی مختلف را بر رفتار اشتراک دانش کارکنان اندازه گیری نماید.روش این تحقیق توصیفی و از نوع همبستگی بوده که به شیوه پیمایشی انجام شده است.نمونه آماری تحقیق را تعداد 325 نفر از کارکنان شرکت های تولیدی صنایع دفاعی مستقر در شهر تهران تشکیل داده اند.داده های تحقیق با استفاده از پرسشنامه جمع آوری شده و مدل انگیزشی ارائه شده در این تحقیق با استفاده از مدلسازی معادلات ساختاری (SEM) و نرم افزار Lisrel 8.8 مورد آزمون قرار گرفته است.تأیید و برازش مناسب مدل حاکی از آن است که عوامل انگیزشی درونی و بیرونی و همچنین به کارگیری روش های اشتراک دانش مورد علاقه کارکنان در بروز رفتار اشتراک دانش آنها مؤثر
می باشد.نتایج نشان داد که تأمین همزمان عوامل انگیزشی درونی و بیرونی و به کارگیری روش های اشتراک دانش مورد علاقه کارکنان توسط سازمان ها، بروز رفتار اشتراک دانش کارکنان را تسهیل می نماید.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Providing of the Motivational Model of Employee's Knowledge Sharing in the Manufacturing Companies Using of Structural Equation Modeling (SEM)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Peyman Akhavan 1
  • Heydar Amiran 2
  • Akbar Rahimi 3
1 Associate Professor in Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Engineering and management, Malek Ashtar University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor in Industrial Management, Islamic Azad University, Central Branch, Tehran, Iran
3 B.S. in Industrial Engineering, M.A. in Industrial Management, Islamic Azad University, Central Branch, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Knowledge sharing introduced as one of the major activities of knowledge management. Therefore, the successful implementation of knowledge management requires attention to these activities. Identifying the effective factors on employee's knowledge sharing behavior and trying to supply them facilitate employee's knowledge sharing behavior. Several works introduced factors influencing on knowledge sharing including culture, organizational structure, motivations, and technology. With respect to the role of motivation as an important factor in knowledge sharing behaviors and the absence of a comprehensive motivation model in this regard, the Purpose of this study is to develop a model that measures the different influence motivational factors on employees Knowledge sharing behavior. The method, which has been used in this research, is descriptive and based on the correlation that has been done using survey method. The statistical sample formed of 325 employees working in defense industries in Tehran. The research data has been collected by questionnaire. Introduced model evaluated using of structural equation modeling (SEM) and Lisrel 8.8 software. The confirmed model showed that intrinsic and extrinsic motivational factors and intention to methods of knowledge sharing were effective in knowledge sharing behavior. The findings showed the simultaneous supply of motivational factors and knowledge sharing methods interesting for employees facilitates employee's knowledge sharing behavior.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Knowledge Sharing
  • Motivational Factors
  • Intention to Methods of Knowledge Sharing
  • structural equation modeling
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