ارائه یک روش جدید جهت انتخاب استراتژی بهینه نگهداری و تعمیرات بر مبنای فرآیند تحلیل شبکهای فازی و برنامه‌ریزی آرمانی چند انتخابی فازی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 موسسه آموزش عالی بینالود، مشهد، ایران

2 گروه مدیریت صنعتی، واحد قزوین، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، قزوین، ایران

چکیده

سیستم‌های نگهداری و تعمیرات در دستیابی به اهداف سازمان نقش حیاتی دارند. اصلی‌ترین هدف این سیستم‌ها، بهینه سازی توانایی ماشین‌آلات به منظور حداکثر نمودن تولید و کاهش فرسایش و خرابی آنها است. بر این اساس، یکی از دغدغه‌های اساسی مدیران در شرکت‌ها انتخاب استراتژی مناسب نت تجهیزات و ماشین‌آلات می‌باشد. این پژوهش، روشی جدید برای انتخاب استراتژی بهینه نگهداری و تعمیرات بر مبنای تحلیل شبکه‌ای فازی و برنامه‌ریزی آرمانی چند انتخابی فازی را ارائه می‌نماید. روش محاسبه وزن‌های فازی مولفه‌ها با روش تحلیل شبکه‌ای فازی توضیح داده شده است و سپس با قطعی نمودن وزن‌های بدست آمده و با نوشتن آرمان‌ها و تابع هدف و با استفاده از روش برنامه‌ریزی آرمانی چند انتخابی فازی استراتژی‌های نت اولویت‌بندی می‌گردند. در نهایت در قالب مطالعه موردی، استراتژی بهینه نت برای چهار دستگاه منتخب در شرکت صنایع پودر شیر مشهد از بین استراتژی‌های پیشگیرانه، مبتنی بر قابلیت اطمینان، مبتنی بر شرایط، مبتنی بر زمان، اصلاحی و طراحی مورد بررسی قرار می‌گیرند. در این خصوص شش معیار و سی زیر معیار با مطالعه ادبیات پیشین احصا گردیدند و پرسش‌نامه مقایسات زوجی بین ده نفر از خبرگان توزیع و نظرات آنها تجمیع و از آنها میانگین هندسی گرفته می‌شود و با رویکرد تحلیل شبکه‌ای فازی وزن مولفه‌ها محاسبه می‌گردد. از آنجاکه وزن معیارها از روش تحلیل شبکه‌ای فازی بدست آمده است، پس امتیاز کلی مساله با حل مساله چند انتخابی آرمانی فازی بدست می‌آید. پژوهش حاضر می‌تواند دیدی جامع به تصمیم‌سازان خصوصا مدیران نت ارائه و به آنها در انتخاب استراتژی بهینه نت کمک نماید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A novel method for selecting optimum maintenance strategy using Fuzzy Analytic Network Process and Fuzzy Multi-Choice Programming approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • Iman Zohreie 1
  • Ali Mohtashami 2
1 Binaloud institute of higher education, Mashhad, Iran
2 Industrial Management, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran
چکیده [English]

Maintenance systems are critical to achieving the goals of the organization. The main purpose of these systems is to optimize machinery's ability to maximize production and reduce its erosion and malfunction. Accordingly, one of the main concerns of managers in companies is selecting the appropriate strategy for maintenance of equipment and machinery. This research presents novel method for selecting optimal maintenance strategy based on Fuzzy Analytical Network Process and Fuzzy Multi-Choice Goal Programming. The method of calculating the fuzzy weights of elements is explained by FANP method and then by de-fuzzy obtained weights and writing the ideals and the objective function and applying the FMCGP approach maintenance strategies will be prioritized. Finally, in the form of a case study, the optimal maintenance strategy among Preventive Maintenance, Reliability base maintenance, Condition base maintenance, Time base maintenance, corrective maintenance and Design-out maintenance for the four selected machines in Mashhad Milk Powder Company is considered. In this regard, by literature review six criteria and thirty sub-criteria has been taken and paired comparison questionnaire was distributed among the ten experts and their views were aggregated and geometric mean was taken from them, and by the FANP approach, the weight of the elements are calculated. Since the weight of the criteria is obtained from FANP method, then the general score of the problem is obtained by solving FMCGP. The present research can provide a comprehensive view of decision makers, especially maintenance managers, and assist them in selecting optimal maintenance strategy.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Maintenance Strategy
  • Fuzzy Network Analysis Process
  • Fuzzy Multi-Choice Goal Programming
  • Maintenance
  • fuzzy logic

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