عنوان مقاله [English]
In recent years, there has been a significant increase in the number of organizations that use the project management approach to advance their goals. In spite of improving the effectiveness, this approach has led to some problems. For this, during the years in which project management knowledge has been formed, various standards and institutions have been formed to improve effectiveness in project management. Due to challenges in the field of project management, especially monitoring and steering R & D projects, the study sought to design an optimum model to solve challenges and improve index of the success in R&D projects. Comprehensive review of literature reveals that one of the solutions for these challenges is establishment of an Organizational Unit called Project Management Office (PMO). For this purpose, the concept of the project management office, models, structures and functions has been studied and parameters for effective monitoring and steering research and development projects are identified. In order to design an optimum model for organizations with the nature of such activities, a questionnaire was prepared and after approval and completion by experts of a related organization as a case study and also analyzing the results, a project management office model for covering the above needs is presented
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