طراحی مدل فرایندی بازاریابی سبز در صنعت دارو(رویکرد کیفی)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه مدیریت بازرگانی-بازاریابی، واحدقشم، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، قشم، ایران

2 گروه مدیریت بازرگانی-بازاریابی واحد هرمزگان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، دانشکده مدیریت،اقتصاد و حسابداری، هرمزگان، ایران

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف طراحی و تبیین ﻣﺪل فرایندی بازاریابی سبز در شرکت‌های دارویی به انجام رسید. این پژوهش از لحاظ هدف کاربردی، از لحاظ رویکرد، اکتشافی، و از لحاظ نحوه تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها، آمیخته (کیفی-کمّی) می باشد. در فاز کیفی تحقیق و به منظور طراحی مدل بر اساس متدولوژی تئوری داده بنیاد، گروهی از خبرگان که به مباحث فروش و بازاریابی شرکت های دارویی و استراتژی بازاریابی سبز اشراف کامل داشتند، انتخاب و مورد مصاحبه عمیق قرار گرفتند. در این فاز، از دو روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند و گلوله برفی استفاده شد و این فرایند تا رسیدن به اشباع نظری محقق ادامه یافت و مجموعاً 11 مصاحبه صورت گرفت. در فاز کمّی، مدیران ارشد، میانی و عملیاتی شرکت‌های دارویی مستقر در تهران به عنوان جامعه آماری در نظر گرفته و از این میان، 210 نفر از روش نمونه برداری تصادفی ساده انتخاب شدند. در فاز کیفی تحقیق، ابزار اصلی جمع آوری داده ها مصاحبه‌های عمیق و غیرساختار یافته با خبرگان بود. در فاز کمّی تحقیق نیز، ابزار اصلی جمع آوری داده ها، پرسشنامه‌ای بسته و محقق ساز مشتمل بر 42 گویه بود که بر اساس مدل مفهومی اولیه طراحی گردید. در فاز کمّی تحقیق، جهت انجام تجزیه و تحلیل های توصیفی و استنباطی، از نرم‌افزارهای SPSS و Lisrel استفاده شد. سرانجام، نتایج تحقیق منجر به طراحی الگوی فرایندی بازاریابی سبز در شرکت‌های دارویی (بر اساس ساختار مدل پارادایمی) شد و روابط فرضی مدل در یک جامعه وسیع مورد آزمون و تأیید قرار گرفتند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Designing a green marketing process model in the pharmaceutical industry

نویسندگان [English]

  • Bita Hadizadeh Moghadam 1
  • Hassan Biabani 2
  • Esmaeil Hasnpour 1
1 Department of Business Management-Marketing, Qeshm Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qeshm, Iran
2 Department of Business Management-Marketing, Hormozgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Management and Economics Faculty, Hormozgan, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to design and explain the green marketing model of pharmaceutical Industry. This study, in terms of purpose, functional, in terms of approach, exploration, and in terms of data analysis, is mixed method (qualitative-quantitative). In the qualitative phase of the research and in order to design the model based on the data theory theory methodology, a group of experts including university professors, marketing consultants, and senior sales and marketing managers of pharmaceutical companies who were thoroughly involved in the sales and marketing of pharmaceutical companies and green marketing strategies, Were selected and interviewed in depth. During this phase, the snowball sampling method was used and the process continued until the theoretical saturation of the researcher was reached and a total of 11 interviews were conducted. In the quantitative phase, senior, middle and operational managers of pharmaceutical companies based in Tehran were considered as the statistical population and 210 of them were selected by simple random sampling. In the qualitative phase of the research, because of the fundamental data theory approach, the main tool for data collection was in-depth, unstructured interviews with experts. In the quantitative phase of the research, the main data collection tool was a closed questionnaire and a researcher made up of 51 items that were designed based on the conceptual model. In the quantitative phase of the research, SPSS and Listel soft wares were used to perform descriptive and inferential analyzes. Finally results led to the design of a green marketing model

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Green Marketing"
  • "Pharmaceutical Companies"
  • "
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