بررسی رابطه بین ‌کارایی سیستم بودجه بندی و حاشیه سود در بانک صادرات ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای حسابداری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمانشاه، ایران

2 استادیار گروه حسابداری، دانشگاه ازاد اسلامی،کرمانشاه ، ایران

چکیده

بودجه بندی اهداف و کاربردهای مختلفی در تنظیم، تصویب، اجرا و کنترل سیاستهای دولت و سازمانها دارد. امروزه می‌توان با سیستم بودجه‌بندی عملیاتی، از نقاط ضعف بودجه‌بندی سنتی دوری کرد و به کنترل بهتر مجموعه پرداخت. از این رو پژوهش حاضر به دنبال بررسی رابطه‌ بین کارایی سیستم بودجه‌بندی و حاشیه سود در بانک صادرات ایران می‌باشد. در این پژوهش از پرسشنامه‌ای هیجده سؤالی مشتمل بر مؤلفه‌های تخصص نیروی انسانی، فراگیر بودن بودجه، اعتقاد کارکنان به هدف بودجه و حاشیه سود بهره گرفته شد. جامعه آماری این پژوهش کارکنان بانک صادرات استان کرمانشاه است که تعداد آن‌ها 490 نفر می‌باشد. بر اساس روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی و با کمک فرمول جامعه محدود کوکران حجم نمونه 216 نفر تعیین و پرسشنامه پژوهش با طیف لیکرت در بین نمونه پژوهش توزیع و تکمیل گردید و مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت. در نهایت نتایج آزمون‌های آماری نشان داد بین کارایی سیستم بودجه‌بندی و حاشیه سود رابطه مثبت و معناداری وجود دارد. همچنین دیگر نتایج پژوهش حاکی از آن بود که بین اعتقاد کارکنان به هدف، فراگیر بودن بودجه و تخصص نیروی انسانی با حاشیه سود در بانک صادرات ایران رابطه‎ا‌ی معناداری وجود دارد. بر اساس نتایج پژوهش فراگیر بودن پوشش همه جانبه و مبتنی بر مبانی علمی و استانداردهای موجود می‌تواند زمینه‌های تداوم و تسهیل امور اجرایی بانک را فراهم آورده و حاشیه سود بانک را تضمین نماید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Survey of the Relationship between Budgeting System Performance and Profit Margin in Saderat Bank of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • hadi parvizi 1
  • babak jamshidi navid 2
1 PhD student in accounting, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Accounting, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran
چکیده [English]

Budgeting has various goals and applications in regulating, approving, implementing, and controlling government policies and organizations. Today, the operational budgeting system can remove the weaknesses of traditional budgeting and better controling of the organization. Therefore, the present study seeks to investigate the relationship between the efficiency of the budgeting system and the profit margin in Saderat Bank of Iran. In this study, a questionnaire consisting of eighteen questions including the components of HR expertise, budget inclusiveness, employees' beliefs about the budget objective and profit margin were used. The statistical population of this study is the staff of Saderat Bank of Kermanshah province with 490 employees. The sample size was 216 based on Cochran's limited community formula and the Likert scale questionnaire was distributed among the sample and analyzed. Finally, the results of statistical tests showed that there is a positive and significant relationship between the efficiency of the budgeting system and the profit margin. The results also showed that there is a meaningful relationship between the employees' belief in purpose, budget inclusiveness and human resources expertise and profit margin in Saderat Bank of Iran. Based on the results of the study, comprehensive coverage based on existing scientific and standards can provide continuity and facilitation of the bank's executive affairs and guarantee the profit margin of the bank.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Performance of Budgeting System
  • Profit Margin
  • Saderat Bank of Iran
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