شناسایی و اولویت بندی عوامل موثر بر تدوین خط مشی کارآفرینانه (مطالعه موردی: بانک سپه)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت دولتی، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد فیروزکوه، ایران

2 گروه مدیریت دولتی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد فیروزکوه، فیروزکوه، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه مدیریت، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد فیروزکوه، ایران

4 استادیار گروه مدیریت، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد فیروزکوه، ایران

چکیده

امروزه کارآفرینی به عنوان موتور رشد و توسعه سازمان‌ها و جوامع شناخته شده است، از این‌رو سازمان ها موظفند خط مشی های گوناگونی را در راستای ایجاد، حمایت و توسعه کارآفرینی تدوین نمایند. در این پژوهش به شناسایی و اولویت بندی عوامل موثر تدوین خط مشی های کارآفرینانه در بانک سپه به عنوان قدیمی ترین و یکی از بانک های تجاری ایران پرداخته می شود. این تحقیق در دو مرحله کیفی و کمی انجام خواهد شد. به اینصورت که ابتدا با مطالعه کتابخانه ای انواع مدل های خط مشی با عوامل آن شناسایی خواهند شد. در ادامه از طریق مصاحبه با خبرگان بانکی و دانشگاهی در حوزه تدوین خط مشی گذاری، عوامل اصلی تدوین خط مشی گذاری در بانک سپه شناسایی و نهایی گردید. در ادامه از روش تحلیل سلسله مراتبی فازی (FAHP) به اولویت بندی مولفه ها و زیر مولفه ها در تدوین خط مشی کارآفرینانه پرداخته می شود، به طوریکه نتایج تحقیق حاکی از آن است که برای مولفه ها "فرآیند" و برای زیر مولفه ها "اطلاع رسانی" در اولویت اول قرار می گیرند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identifying and prioritizing the factors affecting the formulation of entrepreneurial policy (Case study: Sepah Bank)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohsen Daraei ghadikolaei 1
  • Ali Mehdizadeh Ashrafi 2
  • Toroj Mojibi Mikalaei 3
  • Farshad Haj Alian 4
1 1. PhD Student in Public Administration, Faculty of Management, Islamic Azad University, Firoozkooh Branch, Iran
2 Department of Management,,Faculty of Humanities,,Islamic Azad University,Firoozkooh Branch, Firoozkooh , Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Management, Faculty of Management, Islamic Azad University, Firoozkooh Branch,
4 4. Associate Professor, Department of Management, Faculty of Management, Islamic Azad University, Firoozkooh Branch, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Today, entrepreneurship is known as the engine of growth and development of organizations and societies, so organizations are required to develop various policies to create, support and develop entrepreneurship. In this research, the effective factors of formulating entrepreneurial policies in Sepah Bank as the oldest and one of the commercial banks in Iran are identified and prioritized. This research will be done in two qualitative and quantitative stages. In this way, first, by studying the library, various policy models with its factors will be identified. Then, through interviews with banking and academic experts in the field of policy development, the main factors of policy development in Sepah Bank were identified and finalized. In the following, the Fuzzy Hierarchical Analysis (FAHP) method prioritizes the components and sub-components in the formulation of entrepreneurial policy, so that the research results indicate that for the components "process" and for the sub-components "Information" are the first priority.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Entrepreneurship Policy
  • Entrepreneurship Policy Factors
  • fuzzy hierarchical analysis
  • Sepah Bank
  1. Acs, Z.J, .Braunerhjelm, P., Audretsch, D.B. &Carlsson, B. (2014). A knowledge spillover theory of entrepreneurship. Small Business Economics, 32, 15-30.
  2. Anderson, A.R., (2011), "The university’s role in developing Chinese entrepreneurship", Journal of Chinese Entrepreneurship, 3(3),175-184.
  3. Antoncic, B, &Hisrich, R. D. (2004). "Corporate Entrepreneurship Contingencies and Organizational Wealth Creation", Journal of Management Development, 23(6), 518-550.    
  4. Antoncic, B. and Hisrich, R.D. (2001).Intrapreneurship: constructrefinementandcross-cultural validation, Journal of Business Venturing, 16(5), 495-527.
  5. Armeli, S., Eisenberger, R., Fasolo, P. & Lynch, P. (1998), Perceived organizational support and police performance. The moderating influence of socio emotional needs. Journal of Applied Psychology, 83, 297–288.    
  6. Barclay, D., Higgins, C. & Thompson, R. (1995). The partial least squares approach to causal modeling: personal computer adoption and use as an illustration, technological studies, 2 (2), 285-309.    
  7. Cochran, (1998). Entrepreneurship, In: DL Sills (ed). International Encyclopedia of the Social Science, New York: Free Press, P. 87.    
  8. Covin, J.G. & Miles, M.P. (1999). Corporate entrepreneurship and the pursuit of competitive advantage, Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 23(3), 47-64.
  9. Covin, J.G. &Slevin, D.P. (1991). Strategic Management of Small Firms in Hostile and Benign Environments. Strategic Management Journal, 10, 75–87.    

Dess, G., Lumpkin, G., Covin, J. (1999). Entrepreneurial strategy making and firm performance: Tests of contingency and configurational models. Strategic Management Journal, 18(9), 677–695.
Drucker, P.F. (1985). Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Harper Collins Publisher.    
Eisenberger, R., Huntington, R., Hutchison, S. & Sowa, D. (1986), perceived organizational support. Journal of Applied Psychology, 3 (71), 507–500    
Gartner, W.B., Nancy, M.C. (2003). EnterperneurialBehaviour and Firm Organizing Processes. In Zoltan J. Acs and David B. Audretsch (eds), Handbook of Entreprenuship Reserch, New Yourk: Springer Publishers, 195-222.
Glaser, B.G. (2003). The grounded theory perspective II: Description's remodeling of grounded theory methodology. Mill Valley, CA: Sociology Press.
Guth, W. D., & Ginsberg, A. (1990).Corporate entrepreneurship. Strategic Management Journal, Special Issue 11, 5–15.
Hill, M.E. (2003). The development of an instrument to measure intrapreneurship: entrepreneurship within the corporate setting. Grahamstown: Rhodes University.
Hill, T.l., Tanvi. H., Kothari, M. S. (2010) Patterns of Meaning in the Social Entrepreneurship Literature: A Research Platform, Journal of Social Entrepreneurship, 1:1, 5-31, DOI: 10.1080/19420670903442079
Hornsby, J.S., Kuratko, D.F. & Zahra, S. A. (2002). Middle managers 'perception of the internal environment for corporate entrepreneurship: assessing a measurement scale, Journal of Business Venturing, 17(3), 253-273.
Hosseini, S. A., Mojibi; T., Mehdizadeh Ashrafi, A., Vazifehdoost, H. (2018). Designing a Policy Model in Small and Medium Business Development (SMEs) with Emphasis on Innovation (Case Study: Ministry of Cooperatives, Labor and Social Welfare), Quarterly Journal of Economics and Urban Management, 7 (25).
Imani, A., Yaghoubi, N., mobaraki, M. (2017). Identification and Prioritization of the Cooperative Sector’s Policies of Entrepreneurship Development. Journal of Entrepreneurship Development, 10(1), 21-39. doi: 10.22059/jed.2017.62289, (In Persian).
Johnson, S. & Van de Ven, A.H. (2002). A framework for entrepreneurialstrategy. In M.A. Hitt, R.D. Ireland, S.M. Camp, & D.L. Sexton (Eds.), Strategic entrepreneurship: Creating a new mindset (pp. 66–85). Oxford UK.Blackwell Publishers.
Kuratko, D.F. Hornsby, J.S., Corso, L. M. (1996). Building an adaptive firm. Small Business Forum, 14(1), 41-48.
Kuratko, D.F., Hodgetts, R. M. (2001). Entrepreneurship: A contemporary approach (5th  Ed.), Fort Worth: Harcourt College.
Kuratko, D.F., Hornsby, J.S., Naffziger, D.W. and Montagno, R.V. (1993), implementing entrepreneurial thinking in established organization, S.A.M. Advanced Management Journal, 58(1), 28-39.
Kuratko, D.F., Ireland, R.D., Covin, J.G. & Hornsby, J. S. (2005). A model of middle level managers' entrepreneurial behavior. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 11, -716–699.
Laursen, K., Foss, N. (2003). New human resource management practices, complementarities and the impact on innovation performance, Cambridge Journal of Economics, 27(2), 243-263
Lumpkin, G.T., Dess, G.G. (1996), "Clarifying the entrepreneurial orientation construct and linking it to performance", Academy of Management Review, 21(1), 135-172.
Lundstrom, A. & Stevenson, L. (2003). Entrepreneurship Policy. Theory and Practice. New York: Kluwer Academic Publisher.
Lundstrom, A., Stevenson, L. (2001). Entrepreneurship Policy for the Future, Swedish Foundation for Small Business Research, Chapter7, 130-147.
Norback, P., Lars, P. and Robin, D. (2014).Entrepreneurship policy and glabalization. Journal of Development Economics 110:22–38.
Peterson, R., & Berger, D. (1971). Entrepreneurship in organizations: Evidence from the popular music industry. Administrative Science Quarterly, 16, 97–106.
Pinchot, G. (1985), Intrapreneuring: Why you do not have to leave the corporation to become an entrepreneur. New York: Harper & Row Publishers.
Pinchot, G. III 1985.Intrapreneuring.New York, NY: Harper & Row
Plummer, L.A. & Acs, Z.J. (2012). Localizedcompetition in the knowledge spillover theory of entrepreneurship. Journal of BusinessVenturingPublished, 17(1), 31-45.
Pourezat, A.A., Baqeri, M.R., Mazaheri , M.M., Miab, S.B. (2013). Preparation of a Futuristic Cultural Policymaking System through Synergizing the Models. Strategy for Culture,6(22).
Rhoades, L., Eisenberger, R. (2002). Perceived organizational support: A review of the literature, Journal of Applied Psychology, 87 (4), 698-714.
Safari Dashtaki, M., Zare, R., Nikbakhsh, M. A. (2018).  Explaining the Structural Factors Influencing the Formation of Policy Networks; (A Survey on Iranian Entrepreneurship System). Journal of Public Administration. 10(1), 109 – 136, (In Persian).
Shafizadeh, H., Mohseni, H, S., Jamshidi, L. (2011).Cultural bedrock for entrepreneurship development in universities and higher education institutions. Cultural Engineering Quarterly, 6(57), (In Persian).
ShamsiGoushki, M., Ziaiee, M., Rezghishirsavar, H., Mosleh, M. (2019). Rating the Entrepreneurial Components of Resilient Economy by AHP: Designing Appropriate Entrepreneurial Model for Resistive Economy. Management Researches, 12(45), 237-260. doi: 10.22111/jmr.2019.25402.4013. (In Persian).
Shane, S. &Venkataraman, S. (2002). The promise of entrepreneurship asa field ofresearch.Academyof Management Review, 25(1), 217–226.
Shapero., A. and Sokol,  L. (1982). The social dimensions of entrepreneurship.Encyclopedia of Entrepreneurship. C. A. Kent, D. L. Sexton and K. H. Vesper. Englewood Cliffs, N J, Prentice Hall, 72-90.
Sharifzadeh, F., Ghorbani Zadeh, V., Seyyed Naghavi, M., Hosseinpouri, M. (2016). Evaluating the Components Affecting Policy Making in the Oil and Gas Industry from the Perspective of Entrepreneurship. Quarterly Journal of Public Organzations Management, 4(3), 133-145, (In Persian).
Sidi, H., Taghikhani, A. (2011). Barriers to Entrepreneurship Development and the Role of Government in Facilitating Entrepreneurship Development.Work and society journal, 5(1), (In Persian).
Smith, T. M. & Smith, R. L. (2015). Elements of Ecology (9th edn.). Essex: Pearson
ـStephenson, L. (1996). The implementation of an entrepreneurship development strategy in Canada: The case of the Atlantic Region. Paris France: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development; 13(1).
Stewart. J., Ayres. R (2001), Systems theory and policy practice: An exploration. Springer, 34(1), 79–94.
Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (1998). Basics of qualitative research: Grounded theory procedures and techniques, 2nd ed.
Tenenhaus, M., Amato, S., Esposito Vinzi, V. (2004). A global goodness-of-fit index for PLS structural equation modeling, Proceedings of the XLII SISScientific Meeting, Vol. Contributed Papers, CLEUP, Padova, pp. 739–742.
Terjesen, S. & Wang, N. (2013). Coaseon entrepreneurship. Small Business Economics, 40, 173–184.
Thousand Oaks, C.A: SageStevenson, L. &Lundström, A., (2007), Dressing the emperor: the fabric of entrepreneurship policy, in DB Audretsch, I. Grilo, & AR Thurik (eds). Handbook of Research on Entrepreneurship Policy. Cheltanham: Edward Elgar, pp. 94 -129
Tsai, W. and Kuo, H. (2011), Entrepreneurship policy evaluation and decision analysis for SMEs, Expert Systems with Applications, 38(7), 8343-8351.
Wetzels, R., Raaijmakers, J. G. W., Jakab, E., &Wagenmakers, E.–J., (2009), How to quantify support for and against the null hypothesis: A flexibleWinBUGS implementation of a default Bayesian ttest, Psychonomic Bulletin &Review, 16: 752-760
Wolcott. &Lippitz, M. (2007).The four models of corporate entrepreneurship, Mitsloan management review, l49(1), 75-82.
Yüksel, I. (2012). Developing a Multi-Criteria Decision Making Model for PESTEL Analysis. International Journal of Business and Management, 7(24), 52-66.
Zahra, S.A., Jennings, D. F., &Kuratko, D.F. (1999). The antecedents andconsequences of firm-level entrepreneurship: the state of the field, Entrepreneurship: Theory& Practice, 24(2),45-64.
Zahra, S.A., Covin, J. (1995). Contextual influences on the corporate entrepreneurship -performance relationship: a longitudinal analysis, Journal of business venturing, 10(10), 43-58.
Zahra, Sh. A. (1993). Environment, Corporate Entrepreneurship, and Financial Performance: A Taxonomic Approach. Journal of Business Venturing, 8 (4), 319-340.
Zampetakis, L.A., Beldekos, P., Moustakis, V.S. (2009), Day-today entrepreneurship within organizations: Te role of trait Emotional Intelligence and Perceived Organizational Support. European Management Journal, 27,165-175.