شناسایی و اولویت‌بندی مؤلفه‌های تأثیرگذار بر ریسک‌های HSE با استفاده از رویکرد آمیخته (مورد مطالعه: شرکت گاز خطوط انتقال دوراهان)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش ‌آموخته دکتری مدیریت صنعتی، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه نور هدایت شهرکرد، شهرکرد، ایران

2 کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت صنعتی، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه نور هدایت، شهرکرد، ایران

چکیده

هدف اصلی این پژوهش، شناسایی و اولویت‌بندی مؤلفه‌های تأثیرگذار بر ریسک‌های HSE با استفاده از رویکرد آمیخته در شرکت گاز خطوط انتقال دوراهان می‌باشد. برای نیل به این هدف، با استفاده از روش ترکیبی اکتشافی، داده‌ها در دو مرحله (کیفی و کمّی) جمع‌آوری شد. در ابتدا، ضمن مطالعه ادبیات تحقیق، از طریق مصاحبه ساخت‌یافته و نیمه‌ساخت‌یافته با یازده نفر از مدیران و خبرگان دانشگاهی که با روش نمونه‌گیری نظری انتخاب شدند، بخشی از مؤلفه‌ها مورد شناسایی قرار گرفت. در بخش کیفی، با استفاده از روش دلفی، تعداد یازده نفر از پانلیست‌ها پس از سه راند، در مورد مؤلفه‌های تأثیرگذار بر ریسک‌های HSE، به اتفاق‌نظر دست‌یافتند و مدل تحقیق ارائه گردید و اعتبار بخش کیفی نیز، از طریق ضریب هماهنگی کندال (k=0.89)، مورد تأیید قرار گرفت. روش تجزیه و تحلیل اطلاعات در بخش کمّی، در دو سطح توصیفی و استنباطی از طریق نرم‌افزارهای «SPSS22» و «Lisrel» اجرا شد. پانلیست‌های تحقیق حاضر، مؤلفه‌های کلیدی ریسک‌های HSE را در قالب 77 مفهوم کلیدی و سه معیار اصلی که شامل: ایمنی (42 مؤلفه)، بهداشت (15 مؤلفه) و زیست‌محیطی (20 مؤلفه)، مورد شناسایی قرار دادند، که بیشترین امتیاز فریدمن مربوط به معیار «ایمنی» با مقدار 2.82 و کمترین امتیاز مربوط به معیار «بهداشت» با امتیاز 1.27 می‌باشد؛ بر همین اساس، می‌توان به این نتیجه دست یافت، که در صورت توجه بیشتر سازمان‌ها به ایمنی، علاوه بر سلامت جسمانى، سلامت روانى کارکنان را نیز تحت تاثیر قرار مى‌دهد و با کاهش هزینه و زمان، از خسارت‌هایى که به کارگر و کارفرما وارد مى‌کند، پیشگیری می‌نماید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identification and prioritization of the components affecting HSE risks using a mixed approach (the Case of study: Dorahan Transmission Lines Gas Company)

نویسندگان [English]

  • meysam babaee 1
  • Rahmatollah Asgharian 2
1 Phd in Industrial Management, School of Management, Noor Hedayat University of Shahrekord, Shahrekord, Iran
2 Master Degree, Department of Industrial Management, Faculty of Management, Noor Hedayat Non-Profit University, Shahrekord, Iran
چکیده [English]

The main purpose of this study is to identify the components affecting HSE risks using Delphi technique in Dorahan Transmission Lines Gas Company. To achieve this goal, data were collected in two phases (qualitative and quantitative) using a Mix method approach. At first, due to the research literature, some of the components were identified through structured and semi-structured interviews with 11 academic managers and experts who were selected by theoretical sampling method. 11 panelists (academic and practical fields) after three rounds agreed on the components affecting HSE risks in the qualitative section using the Delphi method and the research model was presented; and the validity of the qualitative part was also confirmed by Kendall's coefficient of concordance (k = 0.89). Data analysis performed at both descriptive and inferential levels (Friedman) in the quantitative part through SPSS 22 software. Panelists were identified the key elements of HSE risks in the form of 77 key concepts and 3 main criteria including safety (42), health (15) and environmental components (20) which the highest Friedman score is related to the "safety" criterion with a value of 2.82 and the lowest score is related to the "health" criterion with a score of 1.27; accordingly, it can be concluded that if more organizations pay attention to safety, in addition to physical health, it also affects the mental health of employees and by reducing the cost and time, it prevents costs incurred by the worker and employer.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • HSE risks
  • Health
  • safety and environment management system
  • Mix method
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