مدلی یکپارچه برای شناسایی پیشرانهای نو آوری محصول در سازمانهای دانش بنیان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد کرج - ایران

2 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علی آباد کتول- ایران

3 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران شمال- ایران

چکیده

ضرورت نوآوری در محصول برای رقابت در عرصه‏های داخلی و جهانی از یک سو و اهمیت توسعه محصول جدید، به عنوان یکی از حوزه‎های زایشی درآمد برای شرکت‏ها و نیز کشور از سوی دیگر، و همچنین شناسایی عوامل و بسترهای لازم برای ایجاد توانمندی‏های نوآوری، به الزامی راهبردی در صنایع دانش بنیان تبدیل شده است. در مقاله حاضر، سعی شده است تا ضمن شناسایی عوامل مؤثر بر ایجاد و تقویت توانمندی‏های نوآوری محصول، مدل ارتباطی میان این عوامل ارزیابی و مطرح گردد تا بر اساس آن بتوان پیشرانهای نوآوری محصول مورد شناسایی قرار بگیرد. بدین منظور، ابتدا از طریق مدل فراتحلیل داده ها از میان 52 پژوهش بین المللی موثر در زمینه نوآوری محصول 15 پژوهش انتخاب شده و پس از آن پیشرانهای شناسایی شده در زمینه نوآوری محصول، شناسایی و در قالب شش عامل دسته‏بندی گردید. در گام بعدی از طریق توزیع پرسشنامه طراحی شده، وضعیت متغیرهای پژوهش مورد سنجش قرار گرفت. در این فرآیند در این راستا 250 پرسشنامه در میان کارکنان، مدیران ارشد و میانی شرکت‏های دانش بنیان در میان توزیع و پس از تکمیل جمع‌آوری گردیده است. در نهایت، تجزیه و تحلیل داده‏ها به کمک مدلسازی معادلات ساختاری، تحلیل عاملی تاییدی و آزمون همبستگی رگرسیون به اثبات مدل پیشنهادی تحقیق پرداخته شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

a monolithic model for identifying innovation drivers among knowledge-based organizations.

نویسندگان [English]

  • mani shojaie
  • Davoud Samari 1
  • Roohalla Samiee 2
  • zahra alipour darvish 3
1 Islamic azad university karaj branch-iran
2 Islamic Azad University, Ali Abad Katoul Branch- iran
3 islaic azad university, theran north brach- iran
چکیده [English]

The need for product innovation is necessary to compete in the domestic and global markets. On the other hand, the importance of new product development, as one of the revenues generating areas for companies and the country as well as identification of the necessary factors and contexts for creating innovation capabilities has become a strategic requirement in the knowledge-based industries. In this article, we strived to identify the factors affecting the creation and strengthening of product innovation capabilities, while the relationship model between these factors is evaluated and proposed, which are the drivers of product innovation. For this purpose, we first investigated meta-analysis model among 52 effective international researches in the field of product innovation, among which 15 researches were selected. Then, the identified drivers were classified into six factors. The status of research variables was assessed through distribution of a carefully designed questionnaire among 250 people of the knowledge-based companies include employees, senior managers and middle managers. Their responses were analysed using structural equation modeling, confirmatory factor analysis and regression correlation test to prove the proposed research model. The Findings showed that three components of innovation culture, intra-organizational communication and knowledge management have an effect on product innovation in knowledge-based organizations, while three components of external communication, organizational structure, and intellectual capital have no effect.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Product innovation
  • meta analysis
  • enablers
  • product innovation enablers
  1. Ahmadi Jashoughani Abdollah, E. G. (2015). Assess and prioritize strategies formulation factors affecting small and medium enterprise to improve knowledge base by using ANP (Case Study: Isfahan Science and Technology Town). ModiriatFarda, 4(43), 113-120.
  2. Al-Husseini, S. J., Elbeltagi, I. M., & Dosa, T. A. (2015). Knowledge sharing processes as critical enablers for process innovation. International Journal of Culture and History, 1(1), 33-38.
  3.  Azizi, H., Jahed, R. (2020). Decision models for evaluation and selection of suppliers in the presence of ‎cardinal and ordinal data, weight restrictions, and non-discretionary factors: ‎An approach based on DEA with double frontiers. Industrial Management Journal, 14(50), 1-23.
  4. Bao, Y., Li, Y., Pang, C., Bao, Y., & Yi, X. (2017). Do resource differences between manufacturers and suppliers help or hinder product innovation of manufacturers? The moderating role of trust and contracts. Industrial Marketing Management, 64, 79-90.
  5. Bai, W., Feng, Y., Yue, Y., & Feng, L. (2017). Organizational structure, cross-functional integration and performance of new product development team. Procedia engineering, 174, 621-629.
  6. Becker, W., & Dietz, J. (2004). R&D cooperation and innovation activities of firms—evidence for the German manufacturing industry. Research policy, 33(2), 209-223.
  7. Boxall, P. (1996). The strategic HRM debate and the resource‐based view of the firm. Human Resource Management Journal, 6(3), 59-75.
  8. Campbell, D., & Rahman, M. R. A. (2010). A longitudinal examination of intellectual capital reporting in Marks & Spencer annual reports, 1978–2008. The British Accounting Review, 42(1), 56-70.
  9. Charterina, J., Landeta, J., & Basterretxea, I. (2018). Mediation effects of trust and contracts on knowledge-sharing and product innovation. European Journal of Innovation Management.
  10. Chen, Y., Wang, Y., Nevo, S., Benitez-Amado, J., & Kou, G. (2015). IT capabilities and product innovation performance: The roles of corporate entrepreneurship and competitive intensity. Information & Management, 52(6), 643-657.
  11. Christensen, C. M., & Bower, J. L. (1996). Customer power, strategic investment, and the failure of leading firms. Strategic management journal, 17(3), 197-218.
  12. Cooper, R. G. (1999). From experience: the invisible success factors in product innovation. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 16(2), 115-133.
  13. Damanpour, F. (1991). Organizational innovation: A meta-analysis of effects of determinants and moderators. Academy of Management Journal, 34(3), 555-590.
  14. Davenport, Thomas H. (2013). Analytics 3.0. Harvard business review, 91(12), 64-72.
  15. De Medeiros, J. F., Ribeiro, J. L. D., & Cortimiglia, M. N. (2014). Success factors for environmentally sustainable product innovation: a systematic literature review. Journal of Cleaner Production, 65, 76-86
  16. Donate, M. J., & Guadamillas, F. (2010). The effect of organizational culture on knowledge management practices and innovation. Knowledge and Process Management, 17(2), 82-94.
  17. Doncaster, C. P., Jackson, A., & Watson, R. A. (2013). Competitive environments sustain costly altruism with negligible assortment of interactions. Scientific Reports, 3, 28-36.
  18. Di Benedetto, C. A. (1999). Identifying the key success factors in new product launch. Journal of Product Innovation Management: An International Publication of The Product Development & Management Association, 16(6), 530-544.
  19. Estrada, I., Faems, D., & de Faria, P. (2016). Coopetition and product innovation performance: The role of internal knowledge sharing mechanisms and formal knowledge protection mechanisms. Industrial Marketing Management, 53, 56-65.
  20. Feng, C., Ma, R., & Jiang, L. (2020). The impact of service innovation on firm performance: a meta-analysis. Journal of Service Management, 33(15), 1-16.
  21. Fernández‐Mesa, A., Alegre‐Vidal, J., Chiva‐Gómez, R., & Gutiérrez‐Gracia, A. (2013). Design management capability and product innovation in SMEs. Management Decision.
  22. Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. F. (1981). Structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error: Algebra and statistics.
  23. Goel, A., Rana, G., & Rastogi, R. (2010). Knowledge management as a process to develop sustainable competitive advantage. South Asian Journal of Management, 17(3), 104.
  24. Hasan Dehghan Dehnavi, M. N. (2019). Categorization of New Product Development Using Content analysis Method. Journal of Industrial Management, 14(47), 20-34.
  25. Hussein, A. T. T., Singh, S. K., Farouk, S., & Sohal, A. S. (2016). Knowledge sharing enablers, processes and firm innovation capability. Journal of Workplace Learning.
  26. Ilter, A. T. (2017). Innovation enablers: A review of Turkish contractors’ collaborative activities and sources of information. Organization, Technology and Management in Construction: an International Journal, 8(1), 1397-1404.
  27. Johnsson, M. (2017). Innovation enablers for innovation Teams-A review. Journal of Innovation Management, 5(3), 75-121.
  28. Kang, S. C., & Snell, S. A. (2009). Intellectual capital architectures and ambidextrous learning: a framework for human resource management. Journal of Management Studies, 46(1), 65-92.
  29. Katzy, B., Turgut, E., Holzmann, T., & Sailer, K. (2013). Innovation intermediaries: a process view on open innovation coordination. Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, 25(3), 295-309.
  30. Khalil, T. M., & Shankar, R. (2000). Management of technology: The key to competitiveness and wealth creation. McGraw-Hill, Boston.
  31. Khan, R. S., Grigor, J. V., Win, A. G., & Boland, M. (2014). Differentiating aspects of product innovation processes in the food industry. British Food Journal.
  32. Lakhani, K. R., Lifshitz-Assaf, H., & Tushman, M. L. (2013). Open innovation and organizational boundaries: task decomposition, knowledge distribution and the locus of innovation. Handbook of economic organization: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  33. Linder, C., & Seidenstricker, S. (2018). How does a component from a supplier with high reputation for product innovation improve the perception of a final offering? A process perspective. European Management Journal, 36(2), 288-299.
  34. Mahdavi, H., Sheikh Zeinoddin, M., & Khodabandeh, L. (2011). An Analysis of science & technology parks through the evaluation results of knowledge-based companies in STPS. Roshd-e-Fanavari. 7(27)53-60.
  35. Manian, A. Mousakhani, M & Haki, M, K. (2007). Planning a model for information technology Strategic Plannung. Successfully: use of structural Equation model (SEM). Management Knowledge, 20 (76), 117-138.
  36. Mansouri, S., Vazifeh, Z. & Yousefi Tabas, H. (2017). Prioritizing the effective factors in the development of knowledge-based companies of Kerman. Journal of Entrepreneurship Development, 10 (2), 319-338.
  37. Martín-de Castro, G., Delgado-Verde, M., Navas-López, J. E., & Cruz-González, J. (2013). The moderating role of innovation culture in the relationship between knowledge assets and product innovation. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 80(2), 351-363.
  38. Martins, E. C., & Terblanche, F. (2003). Building organizational culture that stimulates creativity and innovation. European journal of innovation management, 6(1),64-74.
  39. Medhi, P. K., & Allamraju, A. (2020). Role of managerial perception of competitive pressures in firms' product innovation success. European journal of innovation management,
  40. Menguc, B., & Auh, S. (2010). Development and return on execution of product innovation capabilities: The role of organizational structure. Industrial Marketing Management, 39(5), 820-831.
  41. McIntyre-Bhatty, T., Weiwei, W., Wu, A., Li, S., & Wang, H. (2014). New ventures, product innovation and business intermediaries. Chinese Management Studies.
  42. Möldner, A. K., Garza-Reyes, J. A., & Kumar, V. (2020). Exploring lean manufacturing practices' influence on process innovation performance. Journal of Business Research, 106, 233-249.
  43. Noe, R. A., Hollenbeck, J. R., Gerhart, B., & Wright, P. M. (2017). Human resource management: Gaining a competitive advantage. McGraw-Hill Education New York, NY
  44. Padilha, C. K., & Gomes, G. (2016). Innovation culture and performance in innovation of products and processes: a study in companies of textile industry. RAI Revista de Administração e Inovação, 13(4), 285-294..
  45. Pakdil, F., & Leonard, K. M. (2015). The effect of organizational culture on implementing and sustaining lean processes. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, 26, 10.1108/JMTM-08-2013-0112.
  46. Panayotopoulou, L., Bourantas, D., & Papalexandris, N. (2003). Strategic human resource management and its effects on firm performance: an implementation of the competing values framework. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 14(4), 680-699.
  47. Petrou, P., Demerouti, E., & Schaufeli, W. B. (2018). Crafting the change: The role of employee job crafting behaviors for successful organizational change. Journal of Management, 44(5), 1766-1792.
  48. Pudjiarti, E. S., & Hutomo, P. T. P. (2020). The critical role of effective organizational learning to improve firm’s innovation and performance in a market turbulence condition. International Journal of Innovation Science, (ahead of print).
  49. Salomon, G. (1994). Interaction of media, cognition, and learning: Psychology Press.
  50. Schwens, C., Zapkau, F. B., Bierwerth, M., Isidor, R., Knight, G., & Kabst, R. (2018). International entrepreneurship: a meta–analysis on the internationalization and performance relationship. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 42(5), 734-768.
  51. Seyed Hosseini, S. M., Iranban, S. C. (2004). The strategy of developing new product approaches and findings. Journal of Management Knowledge, 17 (1), 81-105.
  52. Tariq, A., Badir, Y. F., Tariq, W., & Bhutta, U. S. (2017). Drivers and consequences of green product and process innovation: A systematic review, conceptual framework, and future outlook. Technology in Society, 51, 8-23.
  53. Tidd, J., & Bessant, J. R. (2020). Managing innovation: integrating technological, market and organizational change: Wiley.
  54. Trott, P., & Simms, C. (2017). An examination of product innovation in low-and medium-technology industries: Cases from the UK packaged food sector. Research Policy, 46(3), 605-623.
  55. Van de Ven, A. H., & Johnson, P. E. (2006). Knowledge for theory and practice. Academy of management review, 31(4), 802-821.
  56. Yam, R. C., & Chan, C. (2015). Knowledge sharing, commitment and opportunism in new product development. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 35(7), 1056-1074. 
  57. Yin, D., Ming, X., & Zhang, X. (2020). Sustainable and Smart Product Innovation Ecosystem: An integrative status review and future perspectives. Journal of Cleaner Production, 274, 123005.
  58. Zambon, S., & Dumay, J. (2016). A critical reflection on the future of intellectual capital: from reporting to disclosure. Journal of Intellectual capital
  59. Zafar, A., & Kantola, J. (2019). The Effect of Macro Environmental and Firm-Level Factors on Open Innovations in Product Development and Their Impact on Firms’ Performance. Paper presented at the International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics.
  60. Zhang, M., Fan, B., Zhang, N., Wang, W., & Fan, W. Mining product innovation ideas from online reviews. Information Processing & Management, 58(1), 102389
  61. Zhang, R., & Liu, D. (2015). Product Innovation Management Based on New Technology and Material. Paper presented at the International Conference on EducationManagement and Information Technology
  62. Zhou, K. Z. (2006). Innovation, imitation, and new product performance: The case of China.