شناسایی، ارزیابی و تحلیل موانع و چالش های توسعه نوآوری در صنایع ایران (مورد مطالعه : صنایع قطعه سازی، ماشین سازی و خودرو سازی تبریز)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مدرس دانشگاه جامع علمی کاربردی ماشین سازی تبریز و ...

2 معاون علمی دانشکده اقتصاد در آکادمی ملی علوم آذربایجان

چکیده

در عصر حاضر سازمان ها دریافته اند که برای رشد و بقا در محیط پرتلاطم باید توجه خاصی به مقوله توسعه نوآورانه صنایع داشت. هدف اصلی این پژوهش، ارزیابی و تحلیل موانع و چالش‌های توسعه نوآوری در صنایع قطعه‌سازی، ماشین‌سازی و خودروسازی تبریز با رویکرد AHP فازی می‌باشد. جهت رسیدن به این هدف، با استفاده از روش ترکیبی اکتشافی، داده‌های مورد نظر در دو مرحله کیفی و کمی جمع‌آوری و از طریق مصاحبه‌های نیمه‌ساختاریافته با 21 نفر از مدیران و خبرگان صنعت مورد مطالعه (که با روش نمونه‌گیری گلوله برفی انتخاب شده) مولفه‌های مورد نظر شناسایی شدند. خبرگان مطالعه بعد از برگزاری 3 پنل خبرگان، در خصوص موانع و چالش‌های توسعه نوآوری در صنایع قطعه‌سازی و ماشین‌سازی به اتفاق‌نظر دست یافتند. روش تجزیه و تحلیل اطلاعات در بخش کمی، در دو بخش انجام گرفته است. نخست با استفاده از رویکرد تحلیل عاملی و نرم‌افزار SmartPLS، مولفه‌های شناسایی شده در بخش کیفی، از لحاظ آماری و کمی اعتبارسنجی شدند. نمونه آماری این بخش که پرسشنامه‌های تحلیل عاملی را تکمیل نمودند، طبق فرمول کوکران، 356 نفر بودند که به صورت تصادفی انتخاب شدند. هم‌چنین در بخش دوم اولویت‌بندی موانع توسعه فناوری، از رویکرد AHP فازی استفاده شده است که پرسشنامه این بخش را 21 خبره تکمیل کرده که با استفاده از روش نظری انتخاب شدند. در این مطالعه 25 مانع شناسایی و نهایی شده که در 5 بخش، دسته‌بندی شدند که موانع حکومتی، موانع مدیریتی و سیاست‌گذاری، اعتبار ناکافی صندوق‌های سرمایه‌گذاری دولتی و ابهام جایگاه نوآوری در صنایع مهم‌ترین عوامل می‌باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identifying, evaluating and analyzing barriers and challenges of innovation development in Iranian industries (Case Study: Parts, Machinery and Automotive Industries of Tabriz)

نویسندگان [English]

  • shahin mohammadpour 1
  • Allahyar Muradov 2
1 Lecturer at Tabriz University of Applied Sciences
2 Scientific Vice-Chancellor of the Faculty of Economics at the National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan
چکیده [English]

Today, organizations have realized that in order to grow and survive in a turbulent environment, special attention must be paid to the issue of innovative industrial development. The main purpose of this study is to evaluate and analyze the obstacles and challenges of innovation development in the parts, machinery and automotive industries of Tabriz with the fuzzy AHP approach. To achieve this goal, using the combined exploratory method, the data were collected in two stages: qualitative and quantitative, and through semi-structured interviews with 21 managers and industry experts (selected by snowball sampling method). Comments were identified. Study Experts After holding three panels of experts, they agreed on the obstacles and challenges of innovation development. The method of data analysis in quantitative part has been done in two parts. First, using the factor analysis approach and SmartPLS software, the components identified in the qualitative section were statistically and quantitatively validated. The statistical sample of this section that completed the factor analysis questionnaires, according to Cochran's formula, were 356 people who were randomly selected. Also, in the second part of prioritizing barriers to technology development, the fuzzy AHP approach has been used. The questionnaire of this section has been completed by 21 experts who were selected using the theoretical method. In this study, 25 barriers were identified and finalized, which were classified into 5 sections. The most important factors are government barriers, management and policy barriers, insufficient credit of government investment funds and ambiguity of the position of innovation in industries.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • innovation
  • Innovation Development
  • Development Barriers
  • factor analysis
  • AHP
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